Portable Appliance Testing ( PAT Testing ) is an essential part of a Health & Safety policy for your business.
The Health & Safety Executive ( HSE ) states that 25% of reported electrical accidents involve portable appliances.
The Electricity at Work Regulations ( EWR ) places legal responsibility on employers & employees to comply with these regulations & as practically possible the duty of care to ensure that no danger results from using electrical equipment.
The Health & Safety at Work Act ( 1974 ) places an obligation on employees where appliances are used, on the public where they may use appliances in places such as Hotels, Hostels, Schools, Shops etc. Where appliances are supplied or hired and where appliances are serviced & repaired. This requires a systematic regular programme of maintenance, inspection & testing of Portable Appliances.
A fine of £5,000 per item not complying with regulations.Six month's imprisonment Possible charges of manslaughter in the even of deaths Landlords -The Tenant may also sue you for civil damages Employers - the employee could claim against you Your property insurance or Public Liability Insurance may be invalid.
PAT testing requirements
Formal visual inspection (Can be carried out by yourself)
Combined inspection & testing (PAT Test with certification)
Anyother Portable Applience
Hand Held equipment or appliances
This is portable equipment intended to be held in the hand during normal use, e.g. hair dryer.
Stationary equipment or appliances
This equipment has a mass exceeding 18kg and is not provided with a carrying handle, e.g. refrigerator
This equipment or an appliance which is fastened to a support or otherwise secured in a specific location, e.g. bathroom heater
Appliances/equipment for building in
This equipment is intended to be installed in a prepared recess such as a cupboard or similar. In general, equipment for building in does not have exposure on all sides because one or more of the sides, additional protection against electrical shock is provided by the surroundings, e.g. built in electric cooker
Information technology equipment
Information technology equipment includes electrical business equipment such as computers and mains powered telecommunications equipment, and other equipment for general business use, such as mail processing machines, VDU's photo-copiers
PAT Testing for Landlords
Failure to provide safely installed and maintained electrical appliances can lead to prosecution as it is a criminal offence. Possibly penalties for failing to comply are as follows:
Your property insurance may be invalidated
A fine of £5,000 per item not complying
Six months imprisonment
The Tenant may also sue you for civil damages
Possible manslaughter charges in the event of deaths
PAT testing also known as In-service Inspection & Testing of Electrical Equipment.
Integrated Appliances (Integrated Dishwasher, Fridge/ Frezzers or washing machines) Up to 15 items £65, additional items @ £1.00
Please contact us regarding multiple occupancy and multiple property prices.
As a landlord you should ensure that all electrical appliances you supply are regularly PAT tested and are fit for purpose.
The best way to do this is by having a Portable Appliance Test (PAT). This is to include all portable appliances that you supply with the tenancy agreement.
For example, televisions, lamps, kettles and dishwashers. This is not just for flat rentals, it is also for holiday homes, multiple occupancy houses, caravans, boats and anything else that maybe rented out.
Failure to provide safely installed and maintained electrical appliances can lead to prosecution as it is a criminal offence. Possible penalties for failing to comply are as follows
• Your property insurance may be invalidated
• A fine of £5000 per item not complying
• Six months imprisonment
• The tenant may also sue you for civil damages
• Possible manslaughter charges in the event of death
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You are required by law to produce a current PAT testing certificate for the property you are renting out along with a gas and electrical certificates.
An appliance of less than 18kg in mass that is intended to be moved whilst in operation or an appliance which can easily be moved from one place to another, e.g. vacuum cleaner, toaster, food mixer, etc.
Movable equipment (transportable)
This equipment is either: 18 kg or less in mass and not fixed, e.g. electric fire. or Equipment with wheels, castors or other means to facilitate movement by the operator as required to perform its intended use, e.g. air conditioning unit